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Главная > Методкопилка > Уроки > Роль английского языка в современном мире (Автор Кужугет Б.Ч.)

Роль английского языка в современном мире (Автор Кужугет Б.Ч.)

(3 голоса, среднее 4.67 из 5)

 

Роль английского языка в современном мир

 

Урок по английскому языку в 8 а классе

(четвертый год обучения)

 

Учебник: Кауфман К.И., Кауфман М.Ю. Happy English.ru (Units 3,4)

Тема: Роль английского языка в современном мире

Тип урока: Урок обобщения с использованием мультимедийных презентаций

Форма урока: Ролевая игра

Метод: Проблемно-поисковый

Прием: Игровой

Уровень урока: Творческий

Технология сотрудничества - Учимся вместе.

Цели урока:

1. развивать творческие способности учащихся, умение их грамотно демонстрировать и применять в творческом процессе;

2. стимулировать учебную мотивацию школьников;

3. развивать устную речь учащихся, их коммуникативную грамотность, внимательность и умение слушать и уважать собеседника;

4. повышать уровень самостоятельности учащихся, уровень сплоченности коллектива, а также их интеллектуальное развитие.

Задачи:

1. формировать языковые знания и совершенствовать речевые умения учащихся;

2. совершенствовать умение учащихся в методах групповой работы, направленных на решение определенной проблемы;

3. развивать сплоченность коллектива, ответственное критическое мышление, воображение, смекалку в процессе иноязычной ролевой деятельности.

ТСО: мультимедиа, флешкарта, магнитофон.

 

 

 

 

 

 

To learn is to change. Education is

a process that changes the learner.

George B. Leonard.

План урока

 

1. Организационный момент.

2. Объяснение целей и задач урока.

3. Речевая зарядка- контроль ЛЕ по теме (в режиме T-Cl; P-P,P,P).

4. Выполнение заданий страноведческого материала A languages quiz по теме «Языки мира».

5. Работа над текстом How many languages can a person know?”.

6. Ролевая игра Why Is English Very Popular Nowadays?.

7. Подведение итогов ролевой игры.

8. Защита проектов The Passports of English and German Languages.

9. Исполнение учащимися песни If You Go to Rome.

10. Итоги урока. Выставление оценок. Запись домашней работы.

 

 

Ход урока

Начало урока

I. Вступительная часть.

Приветствие учителя:

Good morning boys and girls! I’m very glad to see you. Take your seats. Welcome to the open lesson with the role-play. Today we’ll speak about foreign languages and English from its beginning to nowadays and discuss the question “Why is English so popular?”

The task that we have to work at is speaking and communicating. So pay attention to your vocabulary, pronunciation and intonation. At your previous lessons you learnt modal verbs, try to use them in your speech. Our lesson consists of some steps.

 

II. Основная часть.

First, let’s review the vocabulary from Unit 4 “Don’t learn English”. Please, revise the next words and word combinations to be able to use them in your speech.

Translate them into English (T - P, P, P; P - P, P.): способность, программа обмена, стать дипломатом (политиком, ученым), зарабатывать много денег, получить доступ к Интернету и т.д.

The next step is a language quiz. Your task is to match the questions and the answers. You have two minutes. Put your hands up if you know the answers. Ready? Let’s start. (мультимедийная презентация). Well done. Thank you.

There are different types of reading: reading for detail, scanning and skimming. Now I want you to read the text “How many languages can a person know?” and scan it to decide if following sentences true or false. (приложение № 1)

Now it’s time to discuss our main question “Why is English so popular?”. Your role-play, please. Organize a discussion. Don’t forget to use the phrases from Conversation bricks. (приложение № 2) In the end your group should have an answer to the discussion question.

Role card 1

He is Mr Brinks, a rich American businessman. (Кулаков Саша)

He thinks that English is so popular because it is the language of America. The world has to understand America because it is one of the biggest and strongest countries. Everybody wants to do business with America.

He illustrates his position with these ideas.

1. Six out of ten richest people in the world are Americans.

2. The whole world eats in American restaurants: McDonalds, Burger King and Pizza Hut.

3. The whole world wears American jeans such as Levis.

4. Hollywood is the biggest film producer in the world. The most popular films in the world are American.

5. The dollar is the most popular currency in the world.

6. The USA is the world leader in science and technology.

Role card 2

She is Mrs Belova, a Russian translator. (Бурулдай Шончалай)

She thinks that English is so popular because it is very easy. She uses Misha’s arguments from the text and the ideas that her mates had in Ex. 6, p. 76.

Role card 3

He is Mr Bamridge, an English historian. (Салчак Монге-Начын)

He thinks that English is so popular because it has words from other languages. It is like many European languages and that’s why people can learn it easily.

He uses this information and facts from the text as examples.

A lot of English words are like German. The grammar is also very similar.

Compare:

Meine Freundin ist neun Jahre alt. (German) – My friend is nine years old. (English).

Wir gehen in die Schuler. (German). – We go to school. (English)

Sie ist interessant. (German) – She is interesting. (English)

Scandinavian words in English: anger (гнев), cake, call, egg, get, give, kick, kill, score, scrub, seat, skill, skin, skirt, sky, take, they, them, their, ugly, want, window, husband.

Latin words in English: street, kitchen, cup, cheese, wine, angel, wall, paper.

French words in English: country, court (суд), crime (преступление), prison, religion, prince, princess, royal, adventure, change, fruit, letter, literature, magic, male, female, mirror, question, special.

The roots of the English language

In fact, English is a German language. The Anglo-Saxons contributed to the formation of English most of all. English grammar is still very similar to German. There are also a lot of French words in English from when William Duke of Normandy became the King of England in 1066. You can find a lot of Scandinavian words in English too. They came from the times when the Vikings raided Britian. The English alphabet came from Latin. Christian monks, who spoke Latin, brought it to England from Ireland.

It is very strange, but the Celtic language didn’t contribute many words to modern English.

We can only find Celtic words in the names of places and rivers such as: Dover, Kent, Avon and the Thames, for example.

Role card 4

She is Mrs Swarup, an Indian student. (Таспанчик Оксана)

She thinks English is so popular because the UK used to have a big empire. The British had colonies all over the world, and all the people in the colonies had to speak English.

Her country, India, is an example.

She looks at the text and the map.

She uses the map and the facts from the text to support her ideas.

The beginning of the British Empire was in 1583 when Queen Elizabeth I sent her ships to explore new lands and continents. The expeditions were always successful. More and more lands became the part of the British Empire. At that time Doctor Dee, the Queen’s magician and astrologer, said the famous words: “British Empire”. He was right.

Britain had the largest empire in the world. People said about it: “The sun never sets on the British Empire.” It was true: the empire was so big that it was always daylight in some part of it. Its territories were on every continent and ocean.

By the beginning of the 20th century the British Empire had a population of 400-500 million people (about a quarter of the world’s population at that time), and covered about 30 million square kilometers.

Some of the countries that used to be British colonies or territories are: the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, large parts of Africa, the Caribbean, the Far East, the middle East and some islands in Europe.

Role card 5

Part 1

She is Mrs Forbes, a Canadian journalist. (Лайдып Анай-Хаак)

She has to write an article about the English language and she wants to know what people from different countries think about it.

She has a small role in the discussion, but she must:

· start the discussion

· introduce the people to each other

· lead the discussion

· take notes of the discussion

· finish the discussion and say who convinced her.

Part 2

Her guests are:

Mr Bambridge, an English historian.

Mrs Belova, a Russian translator.

Mr Brinks, a rich American businessman.

Mrs Swarup, an Indian student.

Students of school # 15, Kyzyl, Tuva, Russia.

(Лайдып Анай-Хаак после Таспанчик Оксаны)

I think that you are right. English isn’t a difficult language. Thank you. But we also have students from Russia. They are from Tuva. Let me ask them some questions:

· Will you introduce yourselves and say some words why you learn English?

· And will you use it after your school for your future job?

· That’s great! You speak English well enough. But do you have any problems in learning two foreign languages: English and German?

Dear guests! What advice can you give to our students? Mrs Belova?, etc.

Thank you very much. You all convinced me. And my future article will be the next.

Part 3

She presents her written article “Why is English so popular?”(мультимедийная презентация).

You’ve played your parts very well. Thank you. And the last step of our lesson is presenting of your projects “The Passport of English Language”, “The Passport of German Language”. (приложения №№ 3и 4)

 

III. Заключительная часть.

Now let’s summarize our lesson. We revised the vocabulary, found the answers to the question, read the text with the tasks, presented the role - play and projects. So we’ve discussed the main question of the lesson. Look at the screen. You see the saying of a wise man, sir George B. Leonard: “To learn is to change. Education is a process that changes the learner.” And you know that success in foreign language learning is connected not only with a person’s natural talent. You must work hard to be up to date. And I hope you belong to those who would prefer to learn more than two foreign languages after school. It “ll change you and your life because you live a new life for every new language you speak. Our lesson is coming to an end and I would like you to write down your homework for the next lesson – to write a composition “English in my life”.

Everything was done very good and your marks are excellent. At the end of the lesson I offer you to sing the song “If you go to Rome”. (приложение № 5)

Thank you very much. The lesson is over and you may go. Good bye!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Приложение № 1

Read the text. Answer the question given in the title.

How many languages can a person know?

 

You know, of course, some people who speak more than one language. We must not think that only great people can learn many foreign languages.

In modern times, when science and technical knowledge are progressing so fast, all kinds of specialists need foreign languages in their work – teachers and doctors, politicians and actors, engineers and businessmen, and people from many other professions.

If a person doesn’t know foreign languages, he or she must wait for translations, he can’t hope to know all the news in his field. If he can’t use a computer, read the texts in English on the Internet and communicate with his partners by computer, he can hardly hope to be up to date in his work.

Very soon he will be month and even years behind the times.

“But,” you will say “how can I hope to learn so much? I have enough difficulty learning one language.”

The answer is that when we have learned one foreign language, learning a second foreign language is much easier. Learning a third foreign language is much easier than learning the second, and so on.

There are many people all over the world who have discovered this secret. They know that success in foreign language learning is connected not only with a person’s natural talent. You must work hard to learn your first foreign language. After the first, other languages are much easier task.

Decide whether the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).

1. Great people are the only ones who can learn many foreign languages.

2. All kind of specialists need foreign languages in their work.

3. If a person only speaks his native language, he’ll know all the news in his field.

4. To be up to date in the work a person should read texts in Esperanto on the Internet.

5. Learning a third foreign language is easier than learning a first foreign language.

6. You must work hard to learn your first foreign language.

 

1. field – область, сфера

2. to be up to date – соответствовать своему времени (эпохе)

3. behind – отсталый; устарелый

4. to be connected with –быть связанным с

 

Keys

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

F

T

F

F

T

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Приложение № 2

Conversation bricks (p. 78)

In a discussion

I agree with you. – Я согласен с вами.

I don’t agree with you. – Я с вами не согласен

Don’t give me that! – Ну вот только не это.

Im afraid thats wrong. – Боюсь, что это не так.

I think so too. – Я тоже так думаю.

That’s exactly what I wanted to say. – Вот именно это я и хотел сказать.

Do you really think so? - Вы действительно так думаете?

Thats very true. – Именно так.

Yes, but dont you think … - Да, но не кажется ли вам …

Im afraid I cant agree with you. – Боюсь, что не могу согласиться с вами.

As a rule, - как правило.

Could I say something here? – Можно мне здесь сказать?

Could I ask a question? – Можно задать вопрос?

May I interrupt for a moment? – Позвольте мне перебить.

Sorry, but … - Извините, но

You are right. – Вы правы.

For example, - например.

I can prove it. – Я могу это доказать.

 

 

 

Приложение № 3

Project

“The Passport of English Language”

· It is the official language of (names of countries) - …The UK, Canada, the USA, New Zealand, Australia, etc.

· How many people speak it as a first language? - …About 375 million.

· People understand it in (names of the countries) - …all countries.

· How many people speak it as a second language? - …People in 30 countries speak it as a second languages.

· The origin of English - …English is a German language.

· Languages that contributed to English - …The languages of the Vikings, the Anglo-Saxons, the Romans, the Normans.

· Other words in English - …Scandinavian, Latin, French.

· Easy things for a foreigner to say in English - …Plurals are easier, genders are simplier.

· Difficult things for a foreigner to say in English - …Tenses, Idioms.

· Why should people learn English? - …because English is popular. People can travel all over the world and earn a lot of money.

Done by: Diana Sulchuck

 

 

 

Приложение № 4

Project

“The Passport of German Language”

· It is the official language of (names of countries) - …Germany, Austria, Switzerland.

· How many people speak it as a first language? - …Over 120million people.

· People understand it in (names of the countries) - …Turkey, Denmark.

· How many people speak it as a second language? - …Over 150 million people.

· The origin of German - …It came from Vikings.

· Languages that contributed to German - …English, French, Dutch.

· Other words in German - …camera, picnic, club, start.

· Easy things for a foreigner to say in German - …sentences, articles.

· Difficult things for a foreigner to say in German - …tenses, cases.

· Why should people learn German? - …Germany is the country of big industry and technology.

Done by: Masha Madyrova

 

 

 

Приложение №5

If You Go To Rome

If you go to Rome, you’ll see the Colosseum.

If you go to London, you’ll see the Queen.

If you stay with me, you won’t see anything.

But you’ll be very happy

That’s for sure.

If you climb the mountain, you’ll be above the noisy crowds.

If you catch a jet plane, you’ll see above the clouds.

If you stay with me, you won’t see anything.

But you’ll be very happy

That’s for sure.

If you leave me now, I’ll be sad and lonely.

If you walk away, I’ll search around for you.

If it takes a year, I’ll find you, my darling.

And you’ll be very happy

That’s for sure.

If I make some money, will you come and live with me?

If I make some money, will you change your mind?

If I ask you nicely, will you make a cup of tea?

Then I’ll be very happy

That’s for sure.

 

 

Презентация

 

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